An important lesson of the countries that have been successful in industrial upgrading and diversified exporting such as the East Asian NICs has been the prominent role of locally owned firms in their export-oriented industries. They registered record economic growth rates not only during the prosperous s, when international trade and investment were expanding rapidly, but they also managed to sustain their dynamism through the s and s in the face of several oil price hikes, a global recession, and rising protectionism in their major export markets. Gear, and branded apparel companies like Liz Claiborne, Calvin Klein, and The Gap, is they usually do not own any production facilities. States and markets in East Asia 's "economic miracle". The notion that nuclear threshold states can safely abandonment their nuclear weapons for the sake of global security, as asserted by Western democracies, has been discredited. However, East Asian producers confront intense competition from lower-cost exporters in various parts of the Third World. One of the main characteristics of the branded firms that fit the buyer-driven model, such as athletic footwear companies like Nike, Reebok, and L.
A Guide to 'Saving Face' in Southeast Asia
Face (sociological concept) - Wikipedia
Gaining and Losing Face in China
For example, status in a Chinese family is divided by very distinct roles; there are even separate terms used to address older and younger cousins, aunts, and uncles. Huang , cited above used prototype semantics to differentiate lian and mianzi. It gets worse.
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The result is that the child is accepted at a prestigious foreign university. Honesty is not always the best policy. Even if you win whatever argument, you'll lose as a whole. However, mianzi has also an emotional facet. Mianzi is not only important to improve the consumer's reputation in front of significant others, but rather it is also associated with feelings of dignity, honor, and pride.